History of Greenville and Greenville County

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Greenville History Guide

SCIWAY's guide to Greenville's history is divided into several sections. The first is devoted to the history of Greenville County and the Greenville area as a whole. It contains broad resources to help you start your historical and genealogical research. Additional sections are devoted to the unique history of the individual towns within Greenville County, South Carolina. In particular, these sections focus on the history of Greenville, the history of Cleveland, the history of Fountain Inn, the history of Gowensville, the history of Greer, the history of Pelzer, the history of Piedmont, the history of Simpsonville, the history of the Slater-Marietta area, and the history of Travelers Rest.

History of Greenville County, South Carolina

History of Greenville, South Carolina

History of Cleveland, South Carolina

History of Fountain Inn, South Carolina

Fountain Inn is located in both Greenville County and Laurens County.

History of Gowensville, South Carolina

History of Greer, South Carolina

Greer straddles the boundary line of Greenville County and Spartanburg County. It began in 1873 when the Atlanta Charlotte Air Line Railroad established a stop called Greer Station. A bustling business district quickly grew up around the depot, and in 1901, two new railroads, Southern Railways and Piedmont and Northern, constructed competing rail lines through the town. Commercial activity eventually became centered between these two tracks, which both provided merchants with easy access to transportation.

Greer thrived as a transportation and business center. Initially Greer's trains moved South Carolina's peaches and cotton to markets throughout the Southeast. In the early 20th century, the trains transported raw materials and finished goods for hundreds of textile mills in the nearby South Carolina Upstate.

History of Pelzer, South Carolina

Pelzer is located along the Saluda River and straddles the border between Anderson County and Greenville County. The town's history is linked with that of Pelzer Manufacturing Company, which began textile production in the late 1880s. The company bought the very first generators made by the General Electric Company and was the first factory in the country to have incandescent lights.

History of Piedmont, South Carolina

The Town of Piedmont sits on the border between Anderson County and Greenville County. Native Americans used the area as a river crossing because its rock formations jutted into the Saluda River. After the Civil War, Henry Pinckey Hammett also found the riverside to be an ideal location – for a cotton mill.

As early as the 1880s he used hydro-electrical power to run the machinery in his textile mills. From the 1920s until Duke Power expanded into the region after WWII, a water plant on the river also supplied electricity to Piedmont homes.

History of Simpsonville, South Carolina

Simpsonville developed in the 1820s as a stagecoach stop, and throughout its history, was periodically called Plain. The once-burgeoning town struggled during the Civil War and Reconstruction, but in 1885 lots were laid out to surround a new rail line. The Woodside Cotton Mill, established in the early 1900s, was instrumental in the town's growth, as was the installation of a large water main from Greenville.

History of Slater-Marietta, South Carolina

  • Historic landmarks in Slater-Marietta
    Our guide to Slater-Marietta's historic landmarks will help you identify and locate places of interest to explore whether you are a tourist who is sightseeing or a scholar who is researching Slater-Marietta's roots.

History of Travelers Rest, South Carolina

  • Brief historical summary

  • Travelers Rest Historical Society
    The Travelers Rest Historical Society strives to preserve and encourage others to preserve historical material and property in and around the greater Travelers Rest area. The Society works to bring together people interested in the area's history, broadening historical knowledge among youth and adults.

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