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South Carolina

South Carolina Governors – James Lawrence Orr, 1865-1868

South Carolina SC History SC Governors Governor James Lawrence Orr

Also see: SC Government

Biographical Overview

  • Born: May 12, 1822 in Craytonville, South Carolina
  • Died: May 5, 1873 in St. Petersburg, Russia
  • Buried: Presbyterian Cemetery in Anderson, South Carolina
  • Religion: Presbyterian
  • Political Party: Conservative
Portrait of James Lawrence Orr
James Lawrence Orr
Courtesy of South Caroliniana Library


  • University of Virginia at Charlottesville - graduated 1842


  • Lawyer
  • Editor

Major Events and Accomplishments, 1865–1868

  • 1865 – Orr was the first governor of South Carolina to be elected by popular vote
  • 1867-1868 – The Reconstruction Acts were in effect in South Carolina
  • 1868 – A new state Constitution was adopted

Other Government Positions

  • South Carolina House of Representatives, 1844-1848
  • US House of Representatives, 1849-1859
  • Confederate States Senate, 1861-1865
  • US Minister to Russia, 1872-1873

Other Accomplishments, Honors, Distinctions

  • 1861 – Orr was one of three delegates sent to Washington, DC to avert war with the Union and arrange for the transfer of control of federal property in South Carolina to the state government

Web Resources

Election Results

General Election – October 18, 1865
James Lawrence Orr 9,771 votes 51.8%
Wade Hampton 9,109 votes 48.3%


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