South Carolina – Indians, Native Americans – Waxhaw

South Carolina SC Native Americans SC Indian Tribes SC Waxhaw Indians

Name, Language

  • Alternate spellings:
  • Possible meanings: Also called "Flatheads"
  • Language family: Siouan

Current Status

SC Location, Territory

Population Estimates


  • In 1715, fought against colonists in the Yemassee War and refused to make peace when the war ended. The British encouraged the Catawba to attack them and over half were killed. Some fled to Florida with the Yemassee.



  • Farming –
  • Fishing –
  • Hunting –

Beliefs and Practices

  • The Waxhaws were sometimes called "flatheads" due to their unusual custom of deforming the heads of their infants.

Related Waxhaw Indian Resources

  • Merrell, James H. The Indians' New World: Catawbas and Their Neighbors from European Contact through the Era of Removal. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1989.
  • Milling, Chapman J. Red Carolinians. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1969.
  • Swanton, John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Instition Press, 1984, pp. 90-92.

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