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South Carolina

South Carolina Governors – John Gary Evans, 1894-1897


South Carolina SC History SC Governors Governor John Gary Evans

Also see: SC Government


Biographical Overview

  • Born: October 15, 1863 in Cokesbury, South Carolina
  • Died: June 27, 1942 in Spartanburg, South Carolina
  • Buried: Willowbrook Cemetery in Edgefield, SC
  • Religion: Episcopalian
  • Political Party: Democrat
Portrait of John Gary Evans
John Gary Evans
Courtesy of SC Legal History Collection

Education

  • Union College, Schenectady, NY (withdrew in 1880)

Occupations

  • Major, United States Army
  • Lawyer

Major Events and Accomplishments, 1894–1897

  • October 15, 1895 – Winthrop College opened in Rock Hill
  • 1895 – Governor Evans presided over the South Carolina Constitutional Convention
  • December 4, 1895 – The state constitutional convention adopted a new constitution that restricted the participation of blacks in the political process, outlawed interracial marriage, and legalized segregation of schools
  • December 4, 1895 – The new constitution also changed the gubernatorial term schedule, limiting Governors to two terms of two years each and extending Evans' term by one month
  • May 18, 1896 – The US Supreme Court's ruling in Plessy v. Ferguson upheld segregation and established the "separate but equal" doctrine
  • Fall 1896 – The Colored Normal, Agricultural, and Industrial College opened in Orangeburg (now South Carolina State University)

Other Government Positions

  • South Carolina House of Representatives, 1888-1892
  • South Carolina Senate, 1892-1894

Other Accomplishments, Honors, Distinctions

  • Evans assisted in the creation of civil government in Havana while a Major in the US Army during the Spanish-American War

Web Resources

Election Results

General Election – November 6, 1894
John Gary Evans 39,507 votes 69.6%
Sampson Pope 17,278 votes 30.4%


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