South Carolina – Indians, Native Americans – Etiwan
South Carolina SC Native Americans SC Indian Tribes SC Etiwan Indians
- Alternate spellings: Etiwa, Etiwaw, Itawan, Eutaw, Etavans
- Possible meanings: From the Cawtawba for "pine tree"
- Language family: Muskogean
SC Location, Territory
Related SC Names
- In 1670, English settlers who arrived on Daniel Island from Barbados found the Etiwan inhabiting the area.
- By 1707, The Etiwan had migrated to the Goose Creek area. Reverend Francis Le Jau, described the Etiwans as having a deep chestnut color, hair black and straight, their eyes black and sparkling, with little or no hair on their chins, and well limbed and featured.
- During the 1715 Yemassee War, Etiwan were among the 100 or so free Indians that fought with the English.
- By 1750, the Etiwan were subject to hostile Indian raiding parties from the North who sought to capture them and trade them as slaves to the Spanish.
- Last historical reference was in 1751. The Etiwan were mentioned as one of the small tribes for which South Carolina's colonial government made peace with the Iroquois.
Beliefs and Practices