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Long Cane Massacre – Troy, South Carolina


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The Long Cane Massacre (also referred to as the Long Canes Massacre) took place in the Long Canes area of Abbeville in 1760. Scots-Irish settlers established a community near Long Cane Creek in the early 1750s where the height of the canes indicated fertile soil. Cherokee Indians also considered this land their territory, and legally it belonged to them. The Cherokee were incensed over the new Scots-Irish settlement, and tensions over land escalated.

Long Canes Massacre Marker

Larry Gleason of Aiken, 2013 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

On February 1, 1760, the settlement decided to move on to Fort Moore near Augusta, Georgia, as there had been a rash of local Cherokee attacks over land disputes. As the wagons caravanned from the Long Cane settlement, the Cherokee ambushed the party. The wagons became stuck in the boggy soil, and the Cherokee were able to kill dozens of settlers, capture fourteen others, and scalp nine children who miraculously survived. The mangled bodies of twenty-three victims were buried together in one grave, among them Catherine Calhoun, grandmother of John C. Calhoun. Calhoun’s father, Patrick, erected this gravestone in honor of his mother and the other settlers who were killed and buried here.

Long Cane Massacre Grave

Larry Gleason of Aiken, 2013 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

A peace treaty was forged in 1761 between the settlers and the Cherokee, which included a 40-mile boundary line that currently runs between Abbeville and Anderson counties. A metal foot bridge built in 1945 crosses a stream near the site.

Long Cane Massacre Bridge

Larry Gleason of Aiken, 2013 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

Though the Calhouns are the more famous massacre victims, others were killed there as well. A newer grave stone commemorates the Norris family.

Long Cane Massacre Norris

Larry Gleason of Aiken, 2013 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

The Long Cane Massacre site is listed in the National Register:

The Long Cane Massacre Site is significant to the history of exploration and settlement in South Carolina and for its association with the Cherokee War of 1760-61 and the Calhoun settlement of Long Cane. The property includes the gravestone which marks the place where twenty-three of the Long Cane settlers were killed in a bloody massacre by the Cherokee Indians on February 1, 1760.

Among those killed was Catherine Calhoun, matriarch of the Calhoun family, who figured prominently in the settlement of upcountry South Carolina. Long Cane Massacre can be attributed in part to a boundary dispute between the Cherokee Indians and white settlers over a parcel of land lying between Long Cane Creek and Little River. The site is located in a secluded area, contributing to the preservation of the site’s historic integrity. A small metal footbridge, built circa 1945, spans a small stream near the gravestone.

Long Cane Massacre Marker

Jim Jenkins of Chesterfield, 2017 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent


Long Cane Massacre Info


Address: South Carolina 10, Troy, SC 29848
GPS Coordinates: 33.99484,-82.33935


Long Cane Massacre Map




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19 Comments about Long Cane Massacre

Morgan KainuNo Gravatar says:
August 9th, 2017 at 2:38 pm

Chip,

Is William Caldwell Calhoun the William Calhoun (son of Catherine Montgomery/Calhoun) and his wife Agnes Nancy Long/Calhoun your ancestors? If so, these are my 7th great-grandparents as well! My direct line of ancestors comes from their daughter Anne Qualres Calhoun who was abducted by the Cherokee Indians during the Long Can Massacre.

If possible at all, would it be ok to get more information about this cleaning up of the site? I would personally love to be there is possible to help out with our family’s historical site, take some photos, and spread the history.

Here is the lineage from William C. Calhouse and Agnes Nancy Long down to me:

William Caldwell Calhoun and Agnes Nancy Long > Anne Quarles Calhoun m: Isaac Edwards Mathews > Joseph Calhoun Mathew m: Margaret Brough > Martha Lorine Mathews m: Samuel Sheals Wilson > William Samual Shields (Sheals) Wilson m: Sarah Frances Alamo Rampy > John Samual Wilson m: Carrie Lou Smith > James Elmer Wilson m: Margaret Louise Dulaney > Rita Maude Wilson m: Weldon Ray Williams > Cynthia Ann Williams m: Jayson Allan Kainu > Morgan Alyssa Kainu (myself)

Best regards,

Morgan Kainu

Chip TinsleyNo Gravatar says:
August 8th, 2017 at 9:03 am

I am President of the Greenwood County Historical Society. I am a seventh generation descendent of William Calhoun, son of Catherine Calhoun, who survived this massacre. Along with local DAR, SAR, and historical societies from local counties we are in the midst of cleaning this site. We are planning a re-dedication of the Long Cane Massacre Site on February 4, 2018 @ 3:00 pm, if we are successful in work and funds for cleaning and redoing signs, markers, reposting signs, re-do of bridge, etc. This is an important site to our state and country, and to me personally. Please contact me with information, help, or anything relative to this.

SCIWAYNo Gravatar says:
April 30th, 2017 at 4:55 pm

Hello Art, did you try to go to the GPS coordinates marked? They are 33.99484, -82.33935. Pulling this up on Google, it brings you to Indian Massacre Road. You have to park along the road and walk over a small footbridge to the site.

Art hudsonNo Gravatar says:
April 30th, 2017 at 1:53 pm

Drove down road never found site. Everything was posted.

Jennifer G LowNo Gravatar says:
September 24th, 2016 at 8:47 pm

I am a descendant of Mary Winifred Patrick Norris She is my 7th great grandmother. When I think about how she died, it is terrifying and horrible to think about at all. And yet, I also have Cherokee Indian ancestry as well, and knowing that their land was literally taken from them, I can understand that they were fighting for all they had that they felt belonged to them. I don’t agree that they should have killed these people though, especially children and old women. Mary was 71 when she died. What harm would she have done to these Indians? None! It makes no sense. There’s nothing we can do about the past, but learn from it.

You’ve made a great memorial page here and just wanted to thank you for remembering our loved ones from long ago.

From a NORRIS family member who appreciates you!

SCIWAYNo Gravatar says:
January 31st, 2017 at 7:38 am

Thank you for these helpful directions!

RayNo Gravatar says:
January 30th, 2017 at 7:31 pm

Drive down South Carolina Highway 28 through Abbeville, SC and then go towards McCormick. After you pass Parsons Mountain Recreation Area, look for the sign on side of 28. It will tell you where to turn. Follow the road you turn on until it turns into a dirt gravel road. Continue on it until you see a sign on the right saying Indian Massacre Road. It will also be a gravel and dirt road. The site will be at the end of Indian Massacre Road. You can park and walk to the graves in a few minutes.

CoreyNo Gravatar says:
March 19th, 2017 at 2:29 pm

From the research that I’ve read, the Cherokee suffered a number of losses including the chief. Of course the actual numbers are unknown and accuracy can depend of the perspective of the source.

John FergusonNo Gravatar says:
February 24th, 2017 at 3:43 pm

Does anyone know if any Cherokee were killed and how many?

SCIWAYNo Gravatar says:
August 12th, 2016 at 8:34 am

The site is off a rural dirt road. Here are directions along with coordinates: 33° 59.7′ N, 82° 20.35′ W. Off Charleston Road West when traveling south.

Tom StevensNo Gravatar says:
August 11th, 2016 at 7:11 pm

Can you drive to the site? How far do you have to walk to get to the gravesite?

Jeanne StewartNo Gravatar says:
February 15th, 2016 at 8:57 pm

James Calhoun, Catherine’s son, was also killed there. James’ wife, Susannah Long Calhoun, died the next day. Haven’t found any information about how she died, but wonder if she was there as well.

ChantellNo Gravatar says:
March 5th, 2017 at 8:38 pm

Catherine Calhoun is my 9th great aunt.

Sheri TurnerNo Gravatar says:
October 23rd, 2016 at 6:36 pm

We are related as well. Her granddaughter was my great grandmother…captured and raised with the Cherokee.

Danny StantonNo Gravatar says:
September 30th, 2017 at 8:14 am

Hello Morgan, I stumbled onto sciway.net webpage about the Long Cane Massacre where you said you were related to Ann Q. Calhoun who was abducted by Indians during the massacre. Do you known if there are any books or websites that record her remembrances of her experiences living with the Cherokees?

CoreyNo Gravatar says:
March 19th, 2017 at 2:41 pm

I, too, am related to the Calhoun family. Our oral history (some written as well) cites John C. Calhoun as my third (I think) great grandfather. The irony of this particular event in history is that my family and I descend from John C. Calhoun and a native American female, Cherokee, probably from the same band associated with this story. I’d love to see the information you have on our family. I can share our story as well.

Morgan KainuNo Gravatar says:
September 23rd, 2016 at 7:38 pm

Jeanne,

We are related! I come from Ann Q. Calhoun (Catherine’s granddaughter) Ann was abducted by the Cherokee Indians before she was released years later and married Isaac Mathews.

Feel free to email me for any additional family info! We have a neat family lineage!

Jeanne StewartNo Gravatar says:
February 15th, 2016 at 8:56 pm

Catherine Calhoun is my 9X grandmother!

Tammy StansellNo Gravatar says:
October 31st, 2013 at 7:46 pm

James Calhoun, son of Catherine (Montgomery) Calhoun, was also killed at Long Canes Massacre.





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