South Carolina Picture Project

Musgrove Mill Historic Site – Clinton, South Carolina


South Carolina  |  SC Picture Project  |  Laurens County Photos  |  Musgrove Mill Historic Site


Edit This Page  |  Leave A Comment

On August 18, 1780, a group of Partisans achieved a victory against a troop of British and Loyalists during the Revolutionary War at the site of Musgrove Mill near Clinton. The mill and surrounding property belonged to Major Edward Musgrove and sat on the south side of the Enoree River. A detachment of around 500 British and Tories were encamped on the site, and 200 Patriots led by Colonel Charles McDowell traversed from the North Carolina border to attack the post on August 17, 1780, not realizing the number of British was so high.

Musgrove Mill Historical Marker

Wille Faile of West Columbia, 2016 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

Once the Patriots reached their destination, Colonel McDowell sent a group of men to scout the British camp. On the mission they encountered a small garrison of Tories, which resulted in a skirmish. The Partisans retreated and relocated to a ridge about a half-mile from the river. There they learned of the large number of troops camped at Musgrove Mill and altered their strategy. Their new plan was to lure the British into a trap by building fortifications across the river with three groups of Partisans hiding in wait in three positions. Another group would then incite the men to cross the river. Once the British and Loyalists reached the north side of the Enoree, they would be ambushed from the right, left, and center.

Musgrove Mill Bridge Ruins

Kathy Dickerson of Greenwood, 2015 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

The British fell for the trap, believing they were pushing back Partisans when they were actually being drawn into the line of fire. The Partisans waited until the British were within 70 yards before they attacked. The battle resulted in 60 British killed, 90 wounded, and 70 taken as prisoners. For the Partisans, four were killed, nine wounded. Following the battle, the Partisans retreated to the mountains of North Carolina, as they learned that British reinforcements from Camden were on their way. The victory, however, lifted the morale of the Patriots, who had just suffered a great defeat at Camden.

Musgrove Mill Marker

Kathy Dickerson of Greenwood, 2015 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

The Musgrove Mill State Historic Site features ruins such as those from the Musgrove home and mill as well as the masonry bridge crossing the Enoree River, as seen in the top photo. The bridge once connected Major Musgrove’s gristmill to the north side of the river. Visitors can wade into Horseshoe Falls along Cedar Shoals Creek or even paddle the Enoree River. An education center, guided tours, and walking trails also welcome guests interested in the site’s natural and military history.

The Musgrove Mill State Historic Site actually sits on the border of three counties – Laurens, Spartanburg, and Union counties – though most of the park rests in Clinton. The Musgrove Mill Battle Site is listed in the National Register in Union County:

The battle of Musgrove’s Mill, fought on August 18, 1780, was an early American victory in the South during the Revolution. The successful surprise attack lead by American Colonel Charles McDowell on the British post at Musgrove’s Mill indicated a weakness in the British hold on the backcountry. American troops routed a combined detachment of British and Tories at a ford on the Enoree River, but were forced to retreat to the mountains of North Carolina when Loyalist forces converged on the area. In this battle, British losses included 60 killed, 90 wounded, and 70 taken prisoner. Four Americans were killed and nine wounded. Occurring at the same time as the American defeat at Camden, this victory gave the American cause a badly needed boost in morale. The National Register site includes the land north of the Enoree River ford as well as a triangular portion of land south of the Enoree, opposite the mouth of Cedar Shoals Creek, where Major Edward Musgrove’s plantation house was standing until it burned in 1971. This is the area where the British and Tories were encamped at the time of the battle.


Musgrove Mill Historic Site Info


Address: 398 State Park Road, Clinton, SC 29325
GPS Coordinates: 34.593622,-81.852136
Website: http://www.southcarolinaparks.com/musgrovemill/introduction.aspx


Musgrove Mill Historic Site Map




Musgrove Mill Historic Site – Add Info and More Photos


The purpose of the South Carolina Picture Project is to celebrate the beauty of the Palmetto State and create a permanent digital repository for our cultural landmarks and natural landscapes. We invite you to add additional pictures (paintings, photos, etc) of Musgrove Mill Historic Site, and we also invite you to add info, history, stories, and travel tips. Together, we hope to build one of the best and most loved SC resources in the world!


Please Share Your Thoughts!


The South Carolina Picture Project is a volunteer project which earns no profit. We work hard to ensure its accuracy, but if you see a mistake, please know that it is not intentional and that we are more than happy to update our information if it is incorrect. That said, our goal is to create something positive for our state, so please make your comments constructive if you would like them to be published. Thank you!








SC PICTURE PROJECT

Join Us on Facebook
Our 5 Goals
Our Contributors
Add Info
Add Pictures
Search for Pictures
Missing Landmarks

SC TOWNS & LANDMARKS

Abbeville ACE Basin Aiken Allendale Anderson Awendaw Bamberg Banks Barns & Farms Barnwell Batesburg-Leesville Beaches Beaufort Beech Island Belton Bennettsville Bishopville Blackville Bluffton Bridges Bygone Landmarks Camden Carnegie Libraries Cemeteries Charleston Charleston Navy Base Cheraw Chester Churches Clemson Clinton Clio Colleges Columbia Conway Cordesville Courthouses Darlington Denmark Dillon Donalds Easley Edgefield Edisto Elloree Fairfax Florence Folly Beach Forests and Nature Preserves Gaffney Garden City Beach Georgetown Glenn Springs Graniteville Greeleyville Greenville Greenwood Greer Hamburg Hampton Hartsville Hemingway Hilton Head Historical Photos Historic Houses Honea Path Hopkins Hunting Island Isle of Palms Jails James Island Johns Island Johnsonville Johnston Kiawah Island Kingstree Lake City Lake Marion Lakes Lancaster Landrum Latta Laurens Lexington Libraries Lighthouses Little River Manning Marion McClellanville McCormick Military Mills Moncks Corner Mountains Mount Carmel Mount Pleasant Mullins Murrells Inlet Myrtle Beach National Register Newberry Ninety Six North Augusta North Charleston North Myrtle Beach Orangeburg Pacolet Parks Pawleys Island Pendleton Pickens Piers Pinopolis Plantations Port Royal Post Offices Ravenel Restaurants Ridge Spring Ridgeway Rivers Roadside Oddities Robert Mills Rock Hill Rockville Rosenwald Schools Salters Saluda Savannah River Site SC Artists SC Heroes of the Alamo Schools Seneca Shrimp Boats Society Hill Spartanburg Sports Springs St. George St. Helena Island St. Matthews Stores Sullivan's Island Summerton Summerville Sumter Sunset Synagogues Town Clocks Trains & Depots Trees Trenton Turbeville Ulmer Union Wadmalaw Island Walhalla Walterboro Waterfalls Water Towers West Columbia Westminster Winnsboro Yemassee York

© 2017 SCIWAY.net, LLC All rights reserved.