Ninety Six National Historic Site – Greenwood County, South Carolina
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In our country’s earliest days, colonists established a fortified settlement in Ninety Six, and it was a political and legal center for the entire northwest corner of the state. The name Ninety Six was in use as early as 1730 and probably referred to the mileage from the fort to the Cherokee nation’s capital of Keowee.
Ninety Six, located in Greenwood County, is famous for its Revolutionary War history. The first land battle of the war was fought here during November of 1775. American forces quickly constructed a fort of wood and straw and dug in for a long fight. The British army was unable to oust the Patriot fighters from their post, and the battle eventually ended in a truce.
The British eventually fortified Ninety Six, and built a wall around the village in the shape of a star. This fort became known as the ‘Star Fort’ and was later overrun by American forces. Its ruins still stand today. See a picture from a Ninety Six National Historic Site war reenactment.
The Ninety Six Historical Site is listed in the National Register:
(Old Ninety Six & Star Fort) The historic district of Ninety Six National Historic Site contains numerous historical features associated with the economic and social development of the colonial South Carolina back country. Native Americans, colonial frontiersmen, and loyalists to the British crown have used this landmark site throughout state history. The area encompassed by the district also figured prominently during the American Revolutionary War, first as the focal point of regional political dissension and later as the scene of a lengthy siege that epitomized the strategy and determination of Major General Nathaniel Greene during the Southern Campaign of the War. As such, the district is of national historic significance. The historic sites included in this district’s documentation are those which relate to the site’s significance, for its association with the settlement and development of the English colonies in North America and with the southern campaign of the American Revolutionary War.
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