South Carolina

Isle of Palms – Isle of Palms, South Carolina


South Carolina  |  SC Picture Project  |  Charleston County Photos  |  Isle of Palms

Note: Parts of this entry correlate with and expand upon our entry for the Isle of Palms Pier, which we recommend as well. If you have historical photos of the Isle of Palms, or stories about its early days, please let us know!
 

The Isle of Palms, located in Charleston County, lies across the Intracoastal Waterway from Mount Pleasant, just north of Sullivan’s Island. It was originally inhabited by Sewee Indians. A 1696 map by Pierre Mortier labels the island – along with its northern neighbor, Dewees Island – “Hunting Islands.”

Isle of Palms Pier

Steve Rich of Aiken, 2012 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

Pirates who pillaged the eastern seaboard during the late 17th and early 18th centuries are said to have called it Long Island because it was the longest island between the Charleston peninsula and Cape Romain‘s Bulls Bay, where colonists had constructed a Martello Tower to watch for invading ships. This name eventually stuck, and by at least 1784, the island’s owner, William Scott, referred to it as such. In the newspaper clipping below, Scott forbids trespassers to hunt or fish on his properties, which included both Long Island and Goat Island, a small island located northwest of the Isle of Palms which goes by the same name today.

Scott Clipping Isle of Palms

South-Carolina Gazette and General Advertiser, April 6, 1784

William Scott’s daughter married a Swinton in the late 1700s, and between them, these two families owned the island for well over a century. It is likely one or both operated a rice or indigo plantation. Two large residences, as well as slave quarters, were erected here (1). Members of the Swinton family also listed themselves as oystermen in a census taken in the late 1800s. Today, Scott’s Creek and Swinton Creek remind us of these early owners.

Isle of Palms

Steve Rich of Aiken, 2014 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

The Isle of Palms did not acquire its current name until 1899 when it was purchased by Dr. Joseph S. Lawrence of Beaufort, president of the Charleston and Seashore Railroad Company, who christened it Isle of Palms – both in honor of its abundance of palmetto trees and as a means to attract tourists.

Isle of Palms, Ariel View

Vintage City Maps, 1902 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

In a lavish pamphlet commissioned for Lawrence’s new resort, trolley access to the island is described as follows: “Crossing Breach Inlet, through the Steel Drawbridge, the Isle of Palms is reached, and a ride of two miles lands you at the terminal station. Immediately connecting with the station is the pavilion, occupying a waterfront of 2,000 feet, the largest pavilion on the Atlantic’s coast.”

Isle of Palms

Steve Rich of Aiken, 2015 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

At that time, the pavilion featured electric lights, afternoon and evening dances, live music performed by the First United States Artillery Band, and an attached dining room which advertised “linen of immaculate whiteness, china and glassware of the most modern and approved patterns, first-class service, and a tempting menu.”

Isle of Palms Pavilion Seine

Fish fries and oyster roasts were held regularly, and the publication features photographs of men in suits and women in long dresses pulling a 500-foot seine along the shore. By then the resort was also home to a Ferris wheel imported from Atlantic City and an early rollercoaster imported from Coney Island. The Ferris wheel, which was illuminated by 500 electric lights, could be seen from High Battery in Charleston.

Hotel Seashore on the Isle of Palms

Early Postcard, Unknown Origin and Date | Courtesy of Playle’s Auctions

By 1902, Lawrence had built the island’s first public accommodation – the Hotel Seashore – which at three floors boasted 50 rooms. A two-story eastern wing was added to the hotel in 1908, and a two-story western wing was added in 1913; these brought the total number of rooms to 200.

Hotel Seashore Historic Photo

Moore & Gibson, Co., c. 1900s | Courtesy of LiveAuctioneers

Frank “James” Sottile (sah-tilly) became the sole owner of the Isle of Palms in 1914, notwithstanding a few private lots, in a $25,000 deal with the Long Island Improvement and Construction Company. Sottile was president of the Charleston-Isle of Palms Traction Company, which formed in 1913 out of a consolidated successor to the Charleston and Seashore Railroad Company. Three years later, the Hotel Seashore burned to the ground in a mysterious early-morning fire. The pavilion and amusements went unharmed, but the pavilion caught fire in the 1920s. It was rebuilt as a two-story structure with a dance floor, and as seen in the postcard below, festivities there continued well into the 1950s.

Isle of Palms Amusement

The resort suffered during the 1920s, but after World War II, the island grew into a thriving residential area for returning soldiers. A lawyer-turned-developer named John Charles “J. C.” Long, who had married Alberta Sottile, purchased 1,300 acres on the Isle of Palms in 1946, right after the Ben Sawyer Bridge was constructed.

This new bridge replaced the Pitt Street Bridge and connected Mount Pleasant to Sullivan’s Island, making travel to both of the barrier islands more feasible. Funded by taxpayers, the bridge served as a boon for his budding enterprise, and Long eventually became the largest landowner in Charleston County. Today, Long’s the Beach Company continues to be a powerful force in property acquisition and management, and it is now run by Long’s grandson, John Darby.

In 1993, the Isle of Palms Connector (seen in the background below) was completed, making the beach even more accessible – and more populated. Today the incorporated town is home to both full-time residents and tourists. On its northern end, Wild Dunes offers upscale accommodations to tennis and golf enthusiasts.

Isle of Palms Connector

Steve Rich of Aiken, 2014 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

Though the pavilion and amusement rides are long gone, the Isle of Palms Fishing Pier still provides elevated access to the ocean. Built by Long in 1953, it is now owned by the Sea Cabins and Oceanside Villas. At 1,000 feet, it was once touted as the longest pier in the Carolinas. It has since been overtaken by the nearby Folly Beach Pier, which stretches 45 feet farther into the sea.

Reflections on the Isle of Palms


Contributor Cindy Branscome says of her photo below, which she calls Tranquility, “This was taken on Friday the 13th of January, 2017. Lucky for me! There was a sandbar that this bird was perched on and it enabled me to get low enough to catch a great angle. There is nothing more peaceful and moving to me than catching a sunrise at the beach. There is no doubt in my mind that this bird was feeling the same thing!”

Isle of Palms Seagull

Cindy Branscome of Isle of Palms, 2017 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

Cindy Branscome says of another photo, seen below, “This sunset view is ever changing. It’s one of the locals’ favorite places to catch a beautiful Lowcountry sunset. You can see the Ravenel Bridge, the Charleston Harbor, downtown Charleston, numerous ships, and Fort Sumter.”

Isle of Palms Shoreline

Cindy Branscome of Isle of Palms, 2017 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

Add your own reflections here.

Isle of Palms Sources


1. Learn more about possible plantations on the Isle of Palms.


Isle of Palms Info


Address: Palm Blvd, Isle of Palms, SC 29451
GPS Coordinates: 32.787984,-79.78786


Isle of Palms Map




Isle of Palms – Add Info and More Photos


The purpose of the South Carolina Picture Project is to celebrate the beauty of the Palmetto State and create a permanent digital repository for our cultural landmarks and natural landscapes. We invite you to add additional pictures (paintings, photos, etc) of Isle of Palms, and we also invite you to add info, history, stories, and travel tips. Together, we hope to build one of the best and most loved SC resources in the world!


Thoughts?


The South Carolina Picture Project is a volunteer project which earns no profit. We work hard to ensure its accuracy, but if you see a mistake, please know that it is not intentional and that we are more than happy to update our information if it is incorrect. That said, our goal is to create something positive for our state, so please make your comments constructive if you would like them to be published. Thank you!



4 Comments about Isle of Palms

Bill BurnsNo Gravatar says:
December 28th, 2017 at 7:16 pm

Back in the 40s and 50s there was a large water tower located a block or two from the commercial area. Near the water tower was a large while “home” with three-four columns out front. Surrounding that place were 5-6 cottages that were rented out. My great Aunt Lottie Henrikson lived in the home and managed the cottage rentals. The maintenance man was named Wallie Anderson. I don’t see the water tower in any of the postcards.

SCIWAYNo Gravatar says:
January 31st, 2017 at 7:36 am

Thank you for your gorgeous photos!

SteveNo Gravatar says:
January 30th, 2017 at 6:57 pm

Thank you again SCIWAY for the additional images added this week. I love to share.

SteveNo Gravatar says:
March 15th, 2014 at 6:52 am

Many thanks for sharing my images. I love the information you have added.





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