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Ashley River – Charleston, South Carolina

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The Ashley River winds through South Carolina’s Lowcountry and eventually joins the Cooper River to form the Charleston Harbor. The blackwater river, or freshwater river stained with tannins, begins in Berkeley County, flows to Summerville alongside Colonial Dorchester, and continues around 17 miles to the harbor before emptying into the Atlantic Ocean.

Oak on the Ashley River

Larry Gleason of Aiken © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

The Ashley River was the first designated South Carolina Scenic River in the Lowcountry. It was named for Anthony Ashley Cooper, who was Earl of Shaftesbury in the 1600s and one of South Carolina‘s eight Lords Proprietors. He was also an important philosopher of his time, who along with John Locke wrote the Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina in 1669. At the time the document was “the unalterable form and rule of Government forever” in Carolina. “Carolina” originally also included the land between present-day Virginia and Florida.

Magnolia on the Ashley

Barry Peters of Greer, 2014 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

The tidal river was ideal for growing rice, which depended on the regular submersion of crops. Subsequently, English planters established rice plantations along the Ashley River from Summerville to Charleston, and several remain as museums. Middleton Place, Magnolia Plantation, and Drayton Hall are all open to the public and afford unadulterated views of the Ashley River. Remnants of rice fields are also visible along this Lowcountry river.

Ashley River Charleston

Cynthia Jarrell of Hanahan, 2015 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

Bacon’s Bridge and Marion’s Oak

Below is an historical photo of the old Bacon’s Bridge – for which a major road in Summerville is now named – crossing the Ashley River in Dorchester County. The photo is labeled “(Steven’s or) Bacon’s Bridge” because the bridge, which was public, was originally called Steven’s. It dated to at least 1722 and was maintained by fees from white males in the parish. Looking at the photo, the road leads into Summerville.

Ashley River Historical

Courtesy Franklin Sams of Edisto Island © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

The photo may have been taken by Dr. F.F. Sams; it was contributed by his grandson and namesake, Franklin Sams. The note above and below the image reads:

The dam. The pumphouse to carry water above the dam [word(s) likely missing] pipes to ditch or canal which leads it thru Windsor Hill and between Inglesides and Woodstock to Goose Creek.

Of the dam and pumphouse, contributor Elliott Mellichamp, Jr. of Summerville explains, “The dam had two purposes. The dam converted the Ashley River (above the dam) into a reservoir. Fresh water flowed from the Edisto River at Givhans through the tunnel into the Ashley. The dam also separated the fresh water from brackish water. Tides rose and fell that far up the Ashley and, in dry seasons, the water could become brackish. The brick building was the pump house that sent the water on to Summerville and Goose Creek.”

On a lighter note, Mr. Mellichamp adds, “Up river from the dam was a small bluff and a rope tied to a tree overhanging the river. Great thrill swinging off the bluff into the river. Even greater thrill was when water was fairly high we rode over the dam.”

On the photo itself, an oak tree is described as “Another Marion Oak under which the guard at the bridge would camp.”

General Francis Marion and the Second South Carolina Regiment camped under this live oak in 1780, during the American Revolution. According to the National Register:

Fort Dorchester also saw action during the Revolutionary War. The fort had been built at Dorchester Village as a powder magazine during the French and Indian War (1756-1753). When the Revolutionary War broke out, the fort was garrisoned by Francis Marion’s Second Regiement, and Dorchester Village was transformed into a military depot. There was little activity until early 1780. When the British siege of Charleston began, Americans assembled at Fort Dorchester for their mark to defend the city. Into the twentieth century “Marion’s Oak” near Bacon’s Bridge was said to mark the place where General Francis Marion and his troops camped while guarding the crossing.

See Ingleside Plantation information about another nearby Marion Oak.

Reflections on the Ashley River

Contributor Cynthia Jarrell says of her photo: “I just happened to be driving along Lockwood Drive in downtown Charleston and saw this explosion of color. I pulled over and set up as quickly as I could on the sidewalk that follows along the river’s edge. As I continued to shoot I noticed the tour ship the Schooner Pride entering the scene, and I just couldn’t resist capturing its sails filled with the colors of sunset.”

Add your own reflections here.

Ashley River – Add Info and More Photos

The purpose of the South Carolina Picture Project is to celebrate the beauty of the Palmetto State and create a permanent digital repository for our cultural landmarks and natural landscapes. We invite you to add additional pictures (paintings, photos, etc) of Ashley River, and we also invite you to add info, history, stories, and travel tips. Together, we hope to build one of the best and most loved SC resources in the world!


The South Carolina Picture Project is a volunteer project which earns no profit. We work hard to ensure its accuracy, but if you see a mistake, please know that it is not intentional and that we are more than happy to update our information if it is incorrect. That said, our goal is to create something positive for our state, so please make your comments constructive if you would like them to be published. Thank you!

3 Comments about Ashley River

SCIWAYNo Gravatar says:
November 11th, 2016 at 3:06 pm

Hi, Ellen. The photographers own the photos, so you will need their permission. If the photographs you are interested in do not have a link on the photographer’s name, let us know which photos you would like to use and we can hopefully get contact information to you. Great project!

Ellen FippsNo Gravatar says:
November 11th, 2016 at 12:19 pm

The James Island Elementary School’s K-4 class is doing an A -Z Charleston views and would like permission to use some of your photographs for their scrapbooks.

BasilNo Gravatar says:
June 28th, 2011 at 4:13 am

Nice I want to see more!

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