SC Governor’s Mansion – Columbia, South Carolina
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The Governor’s Mansion in Columbia is all that remains of the Arsenal Military Academy. The Academy was established in 1842 to train officers for South Carolina’s militia.
Cadets withdrew from the Academy to fight in the Civil War. When they returned to Columbia, they found their campus in ruins, having been burned by Sherman’s army. This house, which served as the officers’ quarters, became the Governor’s Mansion in 1869.
Since then, the Mansion has had many famous guests such as Franklin D. Roosevelt, Dwight D. Eisenhower, George W. Bush, Ronald Reagan, Bob Hope, Martha Raye, Minnie Pearl, and Dizzy Gillespie.
The Governor’s Mansion is located in the Columbia’s historic Arsenal Hill district, which is listed in the National Register:
The area of the Columbia Historic District I was established as a result of Columbia’s development into a center of government and trade between the upper and lower parts of the state. Also known as Arsenal Hill, the area was a complex of fine mansions and attractive homes built before the Civil War. The district is politically significant as a center of state and nationally related affairs with the Governor’s Mansion as the focal point.
It is architecturally significant for the variety of architectural styles indicative or unique to the area such as Greek Revival, Italianate, Classical Revival, and the “Columbia Cottage.” Noteworthy landscape architecture in the district includes the Caldwell-Hampton-Boylston House gardens, a significant example of evolving garden planning from the time the house was built ca. 1830 through its development formally in the 1890s to the present. Arsenal Hill has retained stately tree-lined streets and a number of its original homes.
SC Governor’s Mansion Info
Address: 800 Richland Street, Columbia, SC 29201
SC Governor’s Mansion Map
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