Shiloh School – Seneca, South Carolina
South Carolina | SC Picture Project | Oconee County Photos | Shiloh School
This brick schoolhouse in Seneca replaced another school that was built between 1926 and 1927 as a Rosenwald School. However, the year the brick school supplanted the original frame building and how its construction was funded is not known. Rosenwald Schools were partly funded by Chicago businessman Julius Rosenwald, then-president of Sears, Roebuck, and Company, to help educate black students across the rural, segregated South. The program existed in South Carolina from 1917 until 1932, during a time when South Carolina’s Constitution prohibited black children from attending school with white children. (This prohibition took root in our 1895 constitution and remained in effect, in many communities, until as late as 1970.)
Two teachers served the original Shiloh School, which was built with design input from the Rosenwald Fund. The program wanted their schools to be models for future schools for rural African-Americans in regard to lighting, heat, ventilation, sanitation, and other factors that made for a “positive, orderly, and healthy environment for learning.” Most of South Carolina’s Rosenwald Schools operated until the United States Supreme Court ruled against separate but equal schools in 1954, though many counties took many more years to integrate.
Learn more about Rosenwald Schools and other SC historically black schools in South Carolina.
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Shiloh School Info
Address: Shiloh Road, Seneca, SC 29678
Shiloh School Map
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