South Carolina Picture Project

Long Cane Massacre – Troy, South Carolina


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The Long Cane Massacre (also referred to as the Long Canes Massacre) took place in the Long Canes area of Abbeville in 1760. Scots-Irish settlers established a community near Long Cane Creek in the early 1750s where the height of the canes indicated fertile soil. Cherokee Indians also considered this land their territory, and legally it belonged to them. The Cherokee were incensed over the new Scots-Irish settlement, and tensions over land escalated.

Long Canes Massacre Marker

Larry Gleason of Aiken, 2013 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

On February 1, 1760, the settlement decided to move on to Fort Moore near Augusta, Georgia, as there had been a rash of local Cherokee attacks over land disputes. As the wagons caravanned from the Long Cane settlement, the Cherokee ambushed the party. The wagons became stuck in the boggy soil, and the Cherokee were able to kill dozens of settlers, capture fourteen others, and scalp nine children who miraculously survived. The mangled bodies of twenty-three victims were buried together in one grave, among them Catherine Calhoun, grandmother of John C. Calhoun. Calhoun’s father, Patrick, erected this gravestone in honor of his mother and the other settlers who were killed and buried here.

Long Cane Massacre Grave

Larry Gleason of Aiken, 2013 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

A peace treaty was forged in 1761 between the settlers and the Cherokee, which included a 40-mile boundary line that currently runs between Abbeville and Anderson counties. A metal foot bridge built in 1945 crosses a stream near the site.

Long Cane Massacre Bridge

Larry Gleason of Aiken, 2013 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

Though the Calhouns are the more famous massacre victims, others were killed there as well. A newer grave stone commemorates the Norris family.

Long Cane Massacre Norris

Larry Gleason of Aiken, 2013 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

The Long Cane Massacre site is listed in the National Register:

The Long Cane Massacre Site is significant to the history of exploration and settlement in South Carolina and for its association with the Cherokee War of 1760-61 and the Calhoun settlement of Long Cane. The property includes the gravestone which marks the place where twenty-three of the Long Cane settlers were killed in a bloody massacre by the Cherokee Indians on February 1, 1760.

Among those killed was Catherine Calhoun, matriarch of the Calhoun family, who figured prominently in the settlement of upcountry South Carolina. Long Cane Massacre can be attributed in part to a boundary dispute between the Cherokee Indians and white settlers over a parcel of land lying between Long Cane Creek and Little River. The site is located in a secluded area, contributing to the preservation of the site’s historic integrity. A small metal footbridge, built circa 1945, spans a small stream near the gravestone.



Long Cane Massacre Info


Address: South Carolina 10, Troy, SC 29848
GPS Coordinates: 33.99484,-82.33935

Long Cane Massacre Map



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8 Comments about Long Cane Massacre

Jennifer G LowNo Gravatar says:
September 24th, 2016 at 8:47 pm

I am a descendant of Mary Winifred Patrick Norris She is my 7th great grandmother. When I think about how she died, it is terrifying and horrible to think about at all. And yet, I also have Cherokee Indian ancestry as well, and knowing that their land was literally taken from them, I can understand that they were fighting for all they had that they felt belonged to them. I don’t agree that they should have killed these people though, especially children and old women. Mary was 71 when she died. What harm would she have done to these Indians? None! It makes no sense. There’s nothing we can do about the past, but learn from it.

You’ve made a great memorial page here and just wanted to thank you for remembering our loved ones from long ago.

From a NORRIS family member who appreciates you!

SCIWAYNo Gravatar says:
August 12th, 2016 at 8:34 am

The site is off a rural dirt road. Here are directions along with coordinates: 33° 59.7′ N, 82° 20.35′ W. Off Charleston Road West when traveling south.

Tom StevensNo Gravatar says:
August 11th, 2016 at 7:11 pm

Can you drive to the site? How far do you have to walk to get to the gravesite?

Jeanne StewartNo Gravatar says:
February 15th, 2016 at 8:57 pm

James Calhoun, Catherine’s son, was also killed there. James’ wife, Susannah Long Calhoun, died the next day. Haven’t found any information about how she died, but wonder if she was there as well.

Sheri TurnerNo Gravatar says:
October 23rd, 2016 at 6:36 pm

We are related as well. Her granddaughter was my great grandmother…captured and raised with the Cherokee.

Morgan KainuNo Gravatar says:
September 23rd, 2016 at 7:38 pm

Jeanne,

We are related! I come from Ann Q. Calhoun (Catherine’s granddaughter) Ann was abducted by the Cherokee Indians before she was released years later and married Isaac Mathews.

Feel free to email me for any additional family info! We have a neat family lineage!

Jeanne StewartNo Gravatar says:
February 15th, 2016 at 8:56 pm

Catherine Calhoun is my 9X grandmother!

Tammy StansellNo Gravatar says:
October 31st, 2013 at 7:46 pm

James Calhoun, son of Catherine (Montgomery) Calhoun, was also killed at Long Canes Massacre.





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