Kershaw County Courthouse – Camden, South Carolina
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Located on Broad Street in Camden, this courthouse was designed by renowned architect Robert Mills and completed in 1827. Today it is home to the Kershaw County Chamber of Commerce and Visitors Center.
Born in Charleston, Robert Mills (1781-1855) was the architect of the Washington Monument and designed courthouses for 18 counties in South Carolina, along with many other buildings, including the Fireproof Building in Charleston.
The historical marker picture above reads: “On this corner stood the gaol (jail), built in 1771 and burned in 1812. During the Revolution the British imprisoned in it many American soldiers and civilians. Among them, after his capture near the Waxhaws, was the boy Andrew Jackson, later seventh President. He is said to have watched the Battle of Hobkirk Hill through a hole he cut in the wall of the gaol’s second story.”
The Kershaw County Courthouse is listed in the National Register as part of the City of Camden Historic District, which says the following:
Architecturally and militarily significant, Camden was a center of activity in both the Revolutionary and Civil Wars, and its architecture reflects the two centuries of its growth. The city was named in honor of Lord Camden, British champion of colonial rights. In 1774 wide streets were laid off in a grid pattern. The town expanded northward as shown in a 1798 plat. The plat set aside six parks which formed the basis for the city’s present 178 acres of beautiful parkland. Most of the original town was destroyed by the fire of 1813. This accelerated growth northward to the Kirkwood area, north of Chesnut Street. Originally, the houses in this area were summer cottages, but by 1840 Kirkwood was a year-round residential area of handsome mansions and elaborate gardens. Many of the mansions were built around the cottages, which still survive at their core. Contributing properties are mostly residential but also include public buildings, a church, and a cemetery. Camden’s architecture is classically inspired and includes examples of Federal and Classical Revival, in addition to cottage-type, Georgian, Charleston-type with modifications, and mansion-type houses. Several of the city’s buildings were designed by noted architect Robert Mills.
Kershaw County Courthouse Info
Address: 607 South Broad Street, Camden, SC 29020
Kershaw County Courthouse Map
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