Woodside Mill – Greenville, South Carolina
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This historic building in the Woodside community of Greenville was once the largest textile mill under one roof – anywhere in the world! The manufacturing plant was built in 1902, founded by John T. Woodside and operated by Woodside and two of his brothers. Though not formally educated, Woodside had gained business experience while running a nearby mercantile, and he had gained textile experience while working a seven-year stint at Reedy River Mill (later renamed Conestee Mill).
Following the establishment of Woodside Mill, the surrounding village was developed. Employee houses were ready the same year the mill was constructed. By 1912 the mill was operating with 112,000 spindles, making it the world’s largest single mill building at that time. The village grew as the mill’s business increased, and soon the Woodside Mill community included two churches, a school, a baseball field, a recreational building, a common garden, and a mill store that operated on the credit system, as did most mill stores.
Woodside and his brothers invested in other businesses in the early twentieth century, including more cotton mills, banks, and hotels – specifically, the Poinsett Hotel. However, the Woodsides lost Woodside Mill during the Great Depression. Another Greenville textile family, the Beatties, bought Woodside’s interest in the mill in 1936, and Dan River Mills of Virginia purchased the mill in 1956. Dan River Mills also purchased Clifton Mills near Spartanburg, among other South Carolina mills. Woodside Mills operated under Dan River Mills’ ownership until 2006. Now vacant, investors have proposed revitalizing the mill property as housing or as a cultural and recreational center.
Woodside Mill is listed in the National Register as part of the Woodside Cotton Mill Village Historic District:
The Woodside Cotton Mill Village Historic District has industrial and architectural significance as a good example of an early twentieth century urban South Carolina textile mill village. Centered around a mill founded by John T. Woodside in 1902, the district includes 375 buildings and sites (280 contributing and 95 non-contributing) just west of the city limits of Greenville. The village is largely intact over eighty years later despite modernizations made to individual buildings by a succession of mill and home owners. The spatial integrity of the village has been maintained. Mill and community exist in the same relationship as it has for more than eighty years – the massive cotton mill rises above a village of modest cottages built for the mill workers. Transportation arteries have also survived without major change. A historic garden/greenway provides an additional pleasing visual element. The mill is a rectangular plan, brick, four-story textile mill designed by J.E. Sirrine and built between 1902 and 1912. In addition to the cotton mill, the village contains 343 surviving mill houses, one cotton waste house, on mill office building, one recreation building, two churches, one baseball park, and one pasture/common garden area. The village is divided into four parts by man-made and natural features. Woodside Avenue, a broad, oak-lined street, forms the village’s central boulevard. The mill, the village churches, and some supervisory housing front along the avenue. The curving side streets in the village are lined with neat rows of mill houses and are also lined with large oaks.
Woodside Mill Info
Address: Woodside Avenue, Greenville, SC 29611
Woodside Mill Map
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