Colleton County Courthouse – Walterboro, South Carolina
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The Colleton County Courthouse is located on Hampton Street in downtown Walterboro. The original section of the courthouse was completed in 1822 after the county seat was moved from Jacksonboro. The building was originally designed by William Jay, and the front portico is attributed to noted architect Robert Mills. A monument to Southern soldiers and women of Colleton County is also on the courthouse grounds.
From 1843 to 1844, the Colleton County Courthouse underwent extensive renovations, and it was enlarged in 1916. Later, in the 1930s, the WPA added an east wing, covered the west wing with a brick veneer, built an addition on the north entrance, and remodeled the interior.
The Colleton County Courthouse is listed in the National Register
The Colleton County Courthouse is significant architecturally as a fine example of Greek Revival architecture whose design is attributed to Robert Mills and built by J. and B. Lucas, noted Charleston contractors. Constructed in 1820, the Colleton County Courthouse is a handsomely designed brick building stuccoed to represent stone. The entrance façade contains curved stairways with ironwork railings leading to a raised portico with an ironwork balustrade. Four Tuscan columns support the portico’s massive, undecorated entablature. The portico is framed by two pilasters and shelters a double, four-paneled door with sidelights and transom. The roofline is formed by a parapet extending the full width of the entrance façade, where it is surmounted by a shorter, second parapet. An arcaded entrance is below the raised portico. Two large wings were added to the original building in 1939. Its historical significance is derived from the fact that the first public meeting on nullification was held here in June 1828. At this meeting, Robert Barnwell Rhett delivered his militant Walterboro address urging Governor John Taylor to call an immediate session of the state legislature for the purpose of openly resisting tariff laws. In late October 1828, James Hamilton, Jr. organized a second meeting here and proclaimed the necessity of “nullification by the state…of the unauthorized act.”
Colleton County Courthouse Info
Address: 101 Hampton Street, Walterboro, SC 29488
Colleton County Courthouse Map
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