South Carolina Picture Project

Chiquola Mill – Honea Path, South Carolina


South Carolina  |  SC Picture Project  |  Anderson County Photos  |  Chiquola Mill



The Chiquola Mill – pronounced shuh-cola – located in Honea Path was established in April 1902 and began operations in 1903. The mill likely took its name from the Chicora tribe. Chiquola Mill ran until January 31, 2003, initially producing coarse sheeting until switching to print cloth. Its water tower, shown below, was demolished 20 minutes after this picture was taken.

Chiquola Mill

Jason Powell of Taylors, 2013 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

Sadly, Chiquola Mill is the site of what is referred to as “Bloody Thursday.” On September 6, 1934 a textile union strike took place at the mill. Chiquola was one of several mills along the east coast where workers gathered to protest low wages and unfavorable working conditions in textile plants. The event was organized by the United Textile Workers and was planned for the previous Monday, which was Labor Day. However, some Southern mills, such as Chiquola Mill, did not get the word in time and thus went on strike later in the week.

Chiquola Mill Ruins

Kathy Dickerson of Greenwood, 2016 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

The day of the strike, Chiquola Mill superintendent Dan Beacham positioned a World War I machine gun atop the mill, and the protesters were encircled by deputies comprised of armed local residents and even some mill workers. At some point during the strike a fight ensued, and shots were then fired into the crowd of between 300 and 500 people. Seven people were killed, fatally shot in the back. Thirty more were wounded. Eleven men were charged with murder in the incident; all eleven were acquitted. A memorial to those killed in the event, seen below, was placed in neighboring Dogwood Park in 1995.

Chiquola Memorial

Kathy Dickerson of Greenwood, 2016 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

According to Frank Beacham, journalist, historian, and grandson of superintendent Dan Beacham, funerals for the victims were attended by thousands of mill workers from far and wide. The services were prohibited from being held in the mill-owned church and were instead conducted in a nearby field. Following the event, most of the mill workers involved in the strike either moved away – some voluntarily, others forced out by Beacham – or simply returned to work in the cotton mill after being made to disassociate with the textile union. Because of economic hardships, the millworkers had no other choice. Then the townsfolk ceased talking about the event. Bloody Thursday was rarely, if ever, discussed until the 1990s when Frank Beacham began investigating his grandfather’s role in the tragedy.

Chiquola Mill Water Tower

Shelley G. Robinson, 2011 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

Frank Beacham says he knew very little about his grandfather’s involvement in the ordeal until viewing a documentary on the mill shooting sixty years after it occurred. After making contact with Sue Cannon Hill – the daughter of victim Claude Cannon – who appeared in the documentary, he began uncovering the truth about the events of that September day and put the facts together in an e-book titled Mill Town Murder. Among his discoveries was that Dan Beacham called for the shots to be fired during the strike.

Today a nursing home is planned for the site of the mill, which is in the process of being demolished. A granite memorial dedicated to the mill workers who were killed was erected in 1995 behind city hall. Frank Beacham was present at the memorial’s installation.

Reflections on Chiquola Mill


Contributor Shelley G. Robonson writes, “The Mill was the lifeblood of Honea Path for nearly 100 years. Until the late 1960s, it was virtually the only place to work in town.”

Add your own reflections here.



Chiquola Mill Info


Address: Chiquola Avenue, Honea Path, SC 29654
GPS Coordinates: 34.451653,-82.391924

Chiquola Mill Map



Chiquola Mill – Add Info and More Photos


The purpose of the South Carolina Picture Project is to celebrate the beauty of the Palmetto State and create a permanent digital repository for our cultural landmarks and natural landscapes. We invite you to add additional pictures (paintings, photos, etc) of Chiquola Mill, and we also invite you to add info, history, stories, and travel tips. Together, we hope to build one of the best and most loved SC resources in the world!


Please Comment Below


The South Carolina Picture Project is a volunteer project which earns no profit. We work hard to ensure its accuracy, but if you see a mistake, please know that it is not intentional and that we are more than happy to update our information if it is incorrect. That said, our goal is to create something positive for our state, so please make your comments constructive if you would like them to be published. Thank you!







Related Pages


Lebanon United Methodist Church

Jennie Erwin Library

Obediah Shirley House

Chiquola Mill
Chiquola Mill
Honea Path





SC PICTURE PROJECT

Join Us on Facebook
Our 5 Goals
Our Contributors
Add Info
Add Pictures
Search for Pictures
Missing Landmarks

SC TOWNS & LANDMARKS

Abbeville ACE Basin Aiken Allendale Anderson Awendaw Bamberg Barns & Farms Barnwell Beaches Beaufort Beech Island Belton Bennettsville Bishopville Blackville Bluffton Bridges Bygone Landmarks Camden Carnegie Libraries Cemeteries Charleston Charleston Navy Base Cheraw Chester Churches Clemson Clinton Clio Colleges Columbia Conway Courthouses Darlington Denmark Dillon Donalds Easley Edgefield Edisto Elloree Fairfax Florence Folly Beach Forests and Nature Preserves Gaffney Garden City Beach Georgetown Glenn Springs Graniteville Greeleyville Greenville Greenwood Greer Hamburg Hampton Hartsville Hemingway Hilton Head Historical Photos Historic Houses Honea Path Hopkins Hunting Island Isle of Palms Jails James Island Johns Island Johnsonville Johnston Kiawah Island Kingstree Lake City Lake Marion Lakes Lancaster Landrum Latta Laurens Lexington Libraries Lighthouses Little River Manning Marion McClellanville McCormick Military Mills Moncks Corner Mountains Mount Carmel Mount Pleasant Mullins Murrells Inlet Myrtle Beach National Register Newberry Ninety Six North Augusta North Charleston North Myrtle Beach Orangeburg Parks Pawleys Island Pendleton Pickens Piers Pinopolis Plantations Port Royal Post Offices Ravenel Restaurants Ridgeway Rivers Roadside Oddities Robert Mills Rock Hill Rockville Rosenwald Schools Salters Saluda Savannah River Site SC Artists SC Heroes of the Alamo Schools Seneca Shrimp Boats Society Hill Spartanburg Sports Springs St. George St. Helena Island St. Matthews Stores Sullivan's Island Summerton Summerville Sumter Synagogues Town Clocks Trains & Depots Trees Trenton Turbeville Ulmer Union Wadmalaw Island Walhalla Walterboro Waterfalls Water Towers West Columbia Westminster Winnsboro Yemassee York

© 2016 SCIWAY.net, LLC All rights reserved.