Vaucluse Post Office – Vaucluse, South Carolina
South Carolina | SC Picture Project | Aiken County Photos | Vaucluse Post Office
The post office in the unincorporated Aiken County village of Vaucluse was built in 1904 to serve employees of the Vaucluse mill. The former textile mill began production in 1830. Several buildings and residences were added through the decades to form a mill complex – the oldest in the state – including the post office.
One of the mill’s founders, William Gregg, used the Vaucluse mill as a springboard to develop his prosperous Graniteville mill. Though Gregg – often considered to be the father of the southern textile industry – deemed the Vaucluse mill too inefficient to be profitable, the mill was productive until 1991. Today the mill serves as a transportation depot for the Graniteville mill. The mill village, along with the post office, is listed in the National Register, which adds the following:
Vaucluse historic district includes the Vaucluse mill compound, located in the center of the village; a ca. 1904 three-building commercial complex located just north of the mill compound; a company built swimming pavilion; the 1877 mill dam; the Vaucluse mill pond; and 83 former company dwellings located in parallel rows along five of the villages residential streets that extend in a rough spoke fashion from the mill compound. The general character of the historic district is a combination of industrial, commercial, and residential use. The Vaucluse mill dominates all other structures in the village; the mill compound includes an 1877 boiler house and smokestack, seven brick hose houses, a 1939 office building, and a 1943 employee canteen.
The textile mill village at Vaucluse is an excellent example of a southern textile mill village. It is the oldest mill village in the state, with textile production commencing there around 1830. Contextually, it relates to the birth, rise and decline of the textile industry in South Carolina. In addition, Vaucluse represents the social changes brought about by the spread of mill villages in the state, with the development of the mill worker population created by the expansion of the textile industry. Vaucluse was also the site of William Gregg’s first foray into textile production, with many historians considering Gregg to be the father of the textile industry in the South. The 1877 mill building was also one of the earliest efforts of architect Amos Lockwood, whose subsequent firm, Lockwood and Greene, would go on to design 50 textile manufacturing facilities in South Carolina. Lockwood’s factory design at Vaucluse was of the earliest examples of the New England prototype mill to be built in South Carolina.
Vaucluse Post Office Info
Address: 42 Senn Street, Vaucluse, SC 29850
Vaucluse Post Office Map
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