South Carolina SC Native Americans SC Indian Tribes SC Edisto Indians
Click here if you are looking for information on the "Edisto Indian Organization," which has historically been known as the Kusso-Natchez Tribe
Name, Language – Edisto Indians
- The Edisto were a member of the Cusabo family of tribes.
- Alternate spellings: Edistoe, Edistow, Adusta, Audusta, Orista, Oristanum
- Possible meanings: ?
- Language family: Muskogean
Current Status – Edisto Indians
SC Location, Territory – Edisto Indians
Related SC Names – Edisto Indians
Population Estimates – Edisto Indians
History – Edisto Indians
- The Edisto aided a group of French Huguenots in 1562 with their unsuccessful attempt to establish a colony at Port Royal.
- The Spanish established a mission and built Fort San Felipe in the area in 1566.
- The Edisto and their neighbors rebelled against the Spanish and burned the fort in 1576. The Spanish rebuilt the fort.
- The Spanish abandoned Fort San Felipe in 1587. The Edisto moved from the lower Edisto River to Edisto Island.
- In 1663, they entertained English exploring parties.
- An English colony was established in the area in 1670.
- Weakened by disease and attacks from neighboring tribes, during 1715, the Edisto gradually disappeared.
Dwellings – Edisto Indians
Food – Edisto Indians
- Farming – ?
- Fishing – ?
- Hunting – ?
Beliefs and Practices – Edisto Indians
Related Edisto Indian Resources
- Milling, Chapman J. Red Carolinians. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1969.
- Swanton, John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Instition Press, 1984, p. 158.