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South Carolina – Indians, Native Americans – Edisto

South Carolina SC Native Americans SC Indian Tribes SC Edisto Indians

Click here if you are looking for information on the "Edisto Indian Organization," which has historically been known as the Kusso-Natchez Tribe.

Name, Language

  • The Edisto were a member of the Cusabo family of tribes.

  • Alternate spellings: Edistoe, Edistow, Adusta, Audusta, Orista, Oristanum

  • Possible meanings:

  • Language family: Muskogean

Current Status

SC Location, Territory

Related SC Names

Population Estimates

  • 1600: 1,000


  • The Edisto aided a group of French Huguenots in 1562 with their unsuccessful attempt to establish a colony at Port Royal.

  • The Spanish established a mission and built Fort San Felipe in the area in 1566.

  • The Edisto and their neighbors rebelled against the Spanish and burned the fort in 1576. The Spanish rebuilt the fort.

  • The Spanish abandoned Fort San Felipe in 1587. The Edisto moved from the lower Edisto River to Edisto Island.

  • In 1663, they entertained English exploring parties.

  • An English colony was established in the area in 1670.

  • Weakened by disease and attacks from neighboring tribes, during 1715, the Edisto gradually disappeared.



  • Farming –
  • Fishing –
  • Hunting –

Beliefs and Practices

Related Edisto Indian Resources

  • Milling, Chapman J. Red Carolinians. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1969.
  • Swanton, John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Instition Press, 1984, p. 158.


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