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South Carolina – Formation of Counties Timeline


History of SC Counties | All SC History, Genealogy Resources


South Carolina's 46 present-day counties are shown in black type, while counties that no longer exist are shown in red.

Four Counties Created by the Lords Proprietors:

1682 Berkeley Area around Charleston; combined with Colleton County in 1769 to form Charleston District; separated from Charleston in 1882
ColletonArea south of Berkeley County to the Combahee River; combined with Berkeley County in 1769 to form Charleston District; separated from Charleston in 1880
CravenArea north of Berkeley County to the North Carolina border
1686GranvilleArea south of Colleton County to the Georgia border

Seven judicial districts created by South Carolina's colonial General Assembly:

1769BeaufortFrom Granville County (see above)
CharlestonFrom Berkeley and Colleton Counties (see above)
GeorgetownFrom Craven County (see above)
CherawsArea northwest of Georgetown
CamdenLarge area west of Cheraws District
Ninety SixArea northwest of Camden District
OrangeburgArea southwest of Camden District

Forty counties created after the American Revolution:

1785OrangeFrom Orangeburg District; abolished in 1791
LewisburgFrom Orangeburg District; early version of Lexington County; abolished in 1791
WintonFrom Orangeburg District; early version of Barnwell County; renamed in 1800
KingstonFrom Georgetown District with modern Horry County boundaries designated; renamed Horry District in 1801
LibertyFrom Georgetown District; renamed as Marion County in 1800
WilliamsburgFrom Georgetown District; became inactive quickly; revived in 1804
WinyahFrom Georgetown District; renamed as Georgetown County in 1800
ChesterfieldFrom Cheraws District
DarlingtonFrom Cheraws District
MarlboroFrom Cheraws District
ChesterFrom Camden District
ClaremontFrom Camden District
ClarendonFrom Camden District; absorbed by Sumter District in 1800; then recreated from Sumter about 1855
FairfieldFrom Camden District
LancasterFrom Camden District
RichlandFrom Camden District
YorkFrom Camden District
AbbevilleFrom Ninety Six District
EdgefieldFrom Ninety Six District
LaurensFrom Ninety Six District
NewberryFrom Ninety Six District
SpartanburgFrom Ninety Six District
UnionFrom Ninety Six District
1786GreenvilleFrom Cherokee lands
1789PendletonFrom Cherokee lands
1791KershawFrom parts of Claremont, Fairfield, Lancaster, and Richland
SalemFrom parts of Claremont and Clarendon
1800BarnwellFrom Orangeburg
GeorgetownFrom Georgetown; later version of Winyah County
MarionFrom Georgetown; later version of Liberty
SumterFrom Claremont, Clarendon, and Salem
1801HorryFrom Georgetown; later version of Kingston County
1804LexingtonFrom Orangeburg; later version of Lewisburg County
1826AndersonFrom Pendleton
PickensFrom Pendleton
1868The Constitution of 1868 declared "the Judicial Districts shall hearafter be designated as Counties"
OconeeFrom western part of Pickens
1871AikenFrom Barnwell, Edgefield, Lexington, and Orangeburg
1878HamptonFrom Beaufort
1888FlorenceFrom Clarendon, Darlington, Marion, Williamsburg
1895SaludaFrom Edgefield
1897BambergFrom Barnwell
CherokeeFrom Spartanburg, Union, and York
DorchesterFrom Berkeley and Colleton
GreenwoodFrom Abbeville and Edgefield
1902LeeFrom Darlington, Kershaw, and Sumter
1908CalhounFrom Lexington and Orangeburg
1910DillonFrom Marlboro
1912JasperFrom Beaufort and Hampton
1916McCormickFrom Abbeville, Edgefield, and Greenwood
1919AllendaleFrom Barnwell and Hampton


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