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South Carolina African Americans – Historically Black Schools and Libraries


South Carolina SC African Americans SC Historically Black Schools, Libraries

SC Historically Black Schools

Early Publicly Funded SC Black Schools

Many K12 schools evolved out of South Carolina's "separate but equal" building spree of the 1950s. (See more information on "SC Equalization Schools.") Some however, like the ones listed below, predate that era. If you know of a link for a school that should be added to this list, please write service@sciway.net. The school can be active or no longer in service.

School Near Summerville 1938 Sketch of African American Classroom 1866
School Near Summerville, South Carolina 1938
Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division ©
FSA-OWI Collection, LC-USF34-050522-D
Sketch of 1866 African American Classroom in Charleston
Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division ©
FSA-OWI Collection, LC-USZ62-117666

SC Historically Black Colleges, Universities

South Carolina has seven historically black colleges and universities. SC Rosenwald Schools

Between 1917 and 1932, over 5,000 schools were built in the rural South to educate African-American children. They were called Rosenwald Schools in honor of Julius Rosenwald, then president of Sears and Roebuck, who provided the majority of funds for their construction.
Hopewell Rosenwald School Hannah Rosenwald School
Hopewell Rosenwald School - McCormick County
National Register of Historic Places ©
Hannah Rosenwald School - Newberry County
National Register of Historic Places ©


Hope Rosenwald School © Ann Helms

SC Equalization Schools

Hundreds of "separate but equal" schools – also called "equalization" schools – were built in South Carolina during the 1950s in an effort to forestall integration.
Sweet Home – Horry County Brick Church – Second Location of Penn School
Sweet Home - Horry County © scequalizationschools.org Central Elementary - Lancaster County © scequalizationschools.org

SC Agricultural, Industrial, and Normalization Schools

After the Civil War and throughout the first half of the 20th Century, normal, agricultural, and industrial schools were popular for African Americans.
Penn Center Historical Marker Brick Church – Second Location of Penn School
Penn Center Historical Marker © SCIWAY Brick Church - Second Location of Penn School © SCIWAY

SC Black Boarding and Private Schools

Beginning after the Civil War and continuing for several decades, private high schools for African Americans were established in response to the lack of public education opportunities.
Bettis Academy Boylan-Haven-Mather Academy
Bettis Academy - Edgefield County
National Register of Historic Places ©
Boylan-Haven-Mather Academy - Kershaw County
BHMA National Alumni Association ©

SC Historically Black Libraries


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